Standards and their elaboration

Existing documents

How did we get there?
A look into on how HTML5 standard is being elaborated, and what makes a standard successful.
proposed new tag: IMG
The original discussion on the introduction of the img tag in HTML.
W3C go home!
A pamphlet against the XHTML norm, seen as being decided unilaterally by the experts.
Tying the story to data (PDF)
An interview with artist Evan Roth, who has created the GML, a language for describing Graffities.


  • W3C mailing list archives in general
  • An anthropological view on the elaboration of open standards?
  • A text looking into the task definitions/workflows implied the standards.
  • A text looking into standards from and empowerment/activist, point of view (cf. Eric’s example of the UFO format which wasn’t picked by FLOSS community)

Graphics over the network

  • Were there graphics made collaboratively before digital networks?
  • git/svn

Existing documents

This stands as a sketch for the future
Graphic designer David Reinfurt walks on the traces of Muriel Cooper, a digital designer and educator at the MIT concerned with/about de/re-specialization, technology, means of production etc.
Linus Torvald on git
Re: Kernel SCM saga..
Linux creator Linus Torvald presents GIT, a tool he has created to collaborate over the network. He explains his choices and presents his ideas about collaboration, trust, network .
Network Art Timeline
A timeline of Networked Art, from 1921 until nowadays.
You Need to Copy to Understand
Interview with Harrisson, one of the co-conspirators in OSP adventure.
Joost Smiers: Copyrights: a choice of no-choice for artists and third world countries; the public domain is losing anyway

This article will deal with four questions which all together show that there is arising a problem for artists, for cultural life in third world countries, and for the public domain which deserves the unhindered access to the cultural heritage of the past and the present.

Collaborative Futures

This book was first written over 5 days (Jan 18-22, 2010) during a Book Sprint in Berlin. 7 people (5 writers, 1 programmer and 1 facilitator) gathered to collaborate and produce a book in 5 days with no prior preparation and with the only guiding light being the title Collaborative Futures

Producing Open Source Software

A manual dedicated to help people setting up open source projects. Not only it gives practical insights on best practices but also it gives an interesting view on what is at stake in Free Software from a more political, culture and anthropological point of view.

All Problems of Notation Will be Solved by the Masses

In the 1960s and ‘70s musicians devised innovative forms of notation and protocol to liberate themselves from aesthetic and social conventions. Today’s digital devotees of code based production and improvisation are continuing this tradition, argues Simon Yuill

Ingimp/Adaptable Gimp


Use cases

  • in the history of graphic design, is there any striking examples of collaborative practices?
  • Mail art
  • Feminist patchwork collaborative art. Women’s house Chicago.
    • Larry wall patch program
  • Lidja Clark. Scene performance feminist
  • Collaborative font design such as the Deja Vu project

Online and Offline articulation

Existing documents


  • Text on the printing process
  • Nelson Goodman?
  • ultra-low print on demand: DIY culture.
  • Closed vs ongoing
  • wiki: how it shortens writing/reading

Show cases